Verbal Aspect, the Indicative Mood, and Narrative: Soundings in the Greek of the New Testament (Studies in Biblical Greek)

Verbal Aspect, the Indicative Mood, and Narrative: Soundings in the Greek of the New Testament (Studies in Biblical Greek)

Constantine R. Campbell

Language: English

Pages: 285

ISBN: 1433100037

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Verbal aspect in Ancient Greek has been a topic of significant debate in recent scholarship. In this book, Constantine R. Campbell investigates the function of verbal aspect within New Testament Greek narrative. He argues that the primary role of verbal aspect in narrative is to delineate and shape the various ‘discourse strands’ of which it is constructed, such as mainline, offline, and direct discourse. Campbell accounts for this function in terms of the semantic value of each tense-form. Consequently, in the search for more effective conclusions and explanations, he challenges and reassesses some of the conclusions reached in previous scholarship. One such reassessment involves a boldly innovative approach to the perfect tense-form.











petition); 3771 (1 May A.D. 336, petition); LV 3820, lines 1–19 (c. A.D. 340?, letter); LVIII 3916 (16 February–28 August A.D. 60, petition); 3926, lines 1–15 (9 February A.D. 246, petition); LXI 4126, lines 1–9 (third/fourth century A.D., letter); LXII 4582, lines 10–21 (14–27 September A.D. 16, petition). I exclude from the count restored forms, unless original word elements that identify the forms have been preserved. CHAPTER ONE: METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES 33 wider Koine Greek. Fifth, testing

8:26 and 8:49), involve the verb ‘to be’ [h[tij evsti.n avntipe,ra th/j Galilai,aj], and a verb of motion [e;rcetai, tij para. tou/ avrcisunagw,gou]. The latter example is dealt with in § 5.5.1 of this chapter; the former is part of a narrative explanation, as is the third instance in Lk. 2:4 (see § 3.5 below). 42 VERBAL ASPECT, THE INDICATIVE MOOD, AND NARRATIVE that are not accounted for in quite the same manner. Of the remaining present indicatives outside discourse, the verb eu`ri,skw

understand better and appreciate the sequence of events. John 5:14–16 meta. tau/ta eu`ri,skei auvto.n o` VIhsou/j evn tw/| i`erw/| kai. ei=pen auvtw/|\ i;de u`gih.j ge,gonaj( mhke,ti a`ma,rtane( i[na mh. cei/ro,n soi, ti ge,nhtaiÅ 15 avph/lqen o` a;nqrwpoj kai. avnh,ggeilen toi/j VIoudai,oij o[ti VIhsou/j evstin o` CHAPTER THREE: THE IMPERFECT TENSE-FORM 95 poih,saj auvto.n u`gih/Å 16 kai. dia. tou/to evdi,wkon oi` VIoudai/oi to.n VIhsou/n( o[ti tau/ta evpoi,ei evn sabba,tw|Å Later Jesus

conditionals, 31 are present referring or gnomic, while 16 are past referring’.45 The present temporal reference of these imperfects in conditional sentences is not readily explainable with a tense-based understanding of the verb. Indeed this usage is not easily explained at all by means of the traditional understanding. Millhouse, however, suggests that remoteness is able to explain this usage. […] the Imperfect in conditionals is considered to indicate an unreal or unfulfilled condition. […]

how such events are perceived to have taken place in reality. It is understandable how, with the future tense-form, aspect and Aktionsart are easily confused because of these factors. While Burton observes aoristic and progressive uses of the future, we must relegate these to the domain of Aktionsart rather than aspect because it is lexical and contextual factors that lead him to conclude as such. While we will need to investigate such usage below, it would seem that on a theoretical level

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