Under the Heel of the Dragon: Islam, Racism, Crime, and the Uighur in China (Ohio RIS Global Series)
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Author Blaine Kaltman’s study is based on in-depth interviews that he conducted in Chinese without either the aid of an interpreter or the knowledge of the Chinese government. These riveting conversations expose the thoughts of a wide socioeconomic spectrum of Han and Uighur, revealing their mutual prejudices. The Uighurs believe that the Han discriminate against them in almost every aspect of their lives, and this perception of racism motivates the Uighurs’ own prejudice against the Han.
Kaltman reports that Uighur criminal activity (unlike that of other minorities, which predominantly occurs within their own communities) is directed against their perceived oppressors, the Han Chinese. Under the Heel of the Dragon offers a unique insight into a misunderstood world and a detailed explanation of the cultural perceptions that drive these misconceptions.
husband explained once he realized that I spoke Mandarin. “But we’ve been living here almost ten years. Urumqi has developed a lot in that time. It’s almost like a Chinese city now.” “What do you mean by that?” I asked. “A Chinese city?” The husband laughed. His wife said, “Now there are better [Chinese] restaurants here, and better schools and hospitals and shops . . . ” “And KFC,” the man offered. | Under the Heel of the Dragon Kaltman.1-134 6/1/07 11:43 AM Page 35 “Before, Urumqi
Beijing, perhaps because they are cities with much smaller Uighur populations, more Uighur claim to have Han friends. But even in Shanghai, the numbers were still unimpressive. There, only percent of the Uighur I interviewed said they had Han friends. But in Beijing, Han-Uighur Relations | Kaltman.1-134 6/1/07 11:43 AM Page 68 percent of the Uighur I interviewed claimed they had Han friends. One possible explanation for this is Beijing’s population of secondgeneration Uighur
parents don’t | Under the Heel of the Dragon Kaltman.1-134 6/1/07 11:43 AM Page 73 speak Mandarin, and they’re too old to learn. Han don’t learn our language and don’t understand our ways. I wouldn’t want my son to marry a Han girl.” “What about a Russian or Kazak girl?” I asked. The man smiled thinly. “It would be better,” he said, “because culturally we’re more similar. But no, it wouldn’t be my first choice.” Criminal Stigmatization Ninety-nine percent of the Han I interviewed
AM Page 145 Index Arabic: language, mosque services in, , –; script, use of, , , , , children: criminal reputation of, , , –, ; family planning laws, , ; in Shanghai, . See also educational opportunities China: attitude of Uighur toward, ; development of, , ; future of, ; policies toward minorities, , –; travel opportunities, – Chinese language. See Cantonese language; Mandarin language Chinese Uighur: dating and intermarriage attitudes,
Shanghai, , –; in Shenzhen, ; Uighur-language learning, ; Uighur students, treatment of, –; in Urumqi, , –, elderly, respect for, employment opportunities: in Beijing, , , , –, –; discrimination against Uighur, , ; for Han, , ; for Hui, ; Mandarin language skills and, , , –, –; migration for, –; professional employment, –, ; racist attitudes and, –; salaries in Beijing, ; salaries in Urumqi, ; selling Xinjiang