The Oxford Handbook of Health Economics (Oxford Handbooks)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
The Oxford Handbook of Health Economics provides an accessible and authoritative guide to health economics, intended for scholars and students in the field, as well as those in adjacent disciplines including health policy and clinical medicine. The chapters stress the direct impact of health economics reasoning on policy and practice, offering readers an introduction to the potential reach of the discipline.
Contributions come from internationally-recognized leaders in health economics and reflect the worldwide reach of the discipline. Authoritative, but non-technical, the chapters place great emphasis on the connections between theory and policy-making, and develop the contributions of health economics to problems arising in a variety of institutional contexts, from primary care to the operations of health insurers. The volume addresses policy concerns relevant to health systems in both developed and developing countries. It takes a broad perspective, with relevance to systems with single or multi-payer health insurance arrangements, and to those relying predominantly on user charges; contributions are also included that focus both on medical care and on non-medical factors that affect health. Each chapter provides a succinct summary of the current state of economic thinking in a given area, as well as the author's unique perspective on issues that remain open to debate. The volume presents a view of health economics as a vibrant and continually advancing field, highlighting ongoing challenges and pointing to new directions for further progress.
consumer chooses to consume a zero quantity, are common for many substances. Indeed, many or most consumers would probably be deterred from the use of substances like tobacco or heroin just by the health costs, even if they were available free of charge. 10.2.1 Rational Addiction The simple economic model of consumer behavior just sketched above is a static or 舠timeless舡 model that does not explore how consumption decisions are related over time. This is an obvious limitation, particularly for
HEALTH (2001). Macroeconomics and Health: Investing in Health for Economic Development. Geneva, WHO. CONNELL, J. and BROWN, R. P. (2004). 舠The remittances of migrant Tongan and Samoan nurses from Australia.舡 Human Resources for Health, 2/1: 2. COOKSON, R. and DOLAN, P. (2000). 舠Principles of justice in health care rationing.舡 Journal of Medical Ethics, 26: 323舑9. CROMWELL, J. and MITCHELL, J. (1986). 舠Physician-induced demand for surgery.舡 Journal of Health Economics, 5/3: 293舑313. CUTLER, D.
generics by placing generics on the lowest formulary tier, with a $0舑$10 co-pay, while off-patent brands are on the third or fourth tier with a $40舑$50 co-pay or not covered. This co-pay spread has increased over time and has contributed to generic share growth. Whereas generics in the US are pharmacy-driven, unbranded, and cheap, generic markets in many EU and Latin American countries were traditionally physician-driven. Generics in physician-driven markets tend to be branded, heavily promoted
(2005). 舠What ails the FDA?舡 New England Journal of Medicine 352(11): 1063舑66. OLSON, M. K. (2004a). 舠Are novel drugs more risky for patients than less novel drugs?舡 Journal of Health Economics 23(6): 1135舑58. 舒舒 (2004b). 舠Managing delegation in the FDA: Reducing delay in new-drug review.舡 Journal of Health Politics Policy And Law 29(3): 397舑430. PALUMBO, F. B. and MULLINS, C. D. (2002). 舠The development of direct-to-consumer prescription drug advertising regulation.舡 Food and Drug Law Journal
attention in poor countries.4 To conclude each section, we remark on the lingering puzzles. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, researchers from various disciplines called for renewed emphasis on disentangling the relationship between SES and health (Marmot et al. 1987; Feinstein 1993; Adler et al. 1994). Whatever gains the literature has made since then, much remains to be learned. This chapter is as much an overview of the current knowledge as it is a call for future research. 7.2