The Cambridge Companion to Modern Chinese Culture (Cambridge Companions to Culture)
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At the start of the twenty-first century, China is poised to become a major global power. Understanding its culture is more important than ever before for western audiences, but for many, China remains a mysterious and exotic country. This Companion explains key aspects of modern Chinese culture without assuming prior knowledge of China or the Chinese language. The volume acknowledges the interconnected nature of the different cultural forms, from 'high culture' such as literature, religion and philosophy to more popular issues such as sport, cinema, performance and the internet. Each chapter is written by a world expert in the field. Invaluable for students of Chinese studies, this book includes a glossary of key terms, a chronology and a guide to further reading. For the interested reader or traveler, it reveals a dynamic, diverse and fascinating culture, many aspects of which are now elucidated in English for the first time.
disciplined, well-equipped and proud force were unremitting. The new schools also featured physical education classes and games, signifying a new attitude towards the body that was rooted in militaristic desire. Young men of good families now decided to devote their careers to military service in another break with Confucian tradition. Only with the rise of warlordism in 1910 did militarism begin to be regarded as a curse, and even then the image of the good soldier truly committed to the nation
the region’s expanded urban centres. The relentless internal Han migration into the autonomous regions both heightened and blurred ethnic unity. Today, most ethnic groups, albeit with some regret, are resigned to being a minority population in their own autonomous region. This resignation has not resulted, however, in a full-scale political absorption or cultural assimilation. For some, it sparked a re-evaluation of their commitment to the state’s minority policies. For others, it resulted in a
spreading around the world in the wake of China’s economic and political reach. The chapters in this book explore the key domains in Chinese culture and reveal the dynamism produced by a formidable culture’s interaction with both its own ancient, albeit never static, traditions and the ﬂood of new global cultural inﬂuences. The connection between global economic and political weight and the changes in China’s cultural realm are complex and profound. To understand contemporary China – an absolute
other concerns imperial policies pertaining to overseas trade. The earliest Chinese traded with Korea and Japan during the ﬁrst millennium and many migrated there. Later, in the south, after the independence of Vietnam, the Chinese who traded and migrated there found cultures similar to their own. Most Chinese migrating to these countries accepted local ways and eventually became indistinguishable from the native peoples. But when they traded in the Hindu–Buddhist, and later Muslim, lands of
challenge the Enlightenment mentality in order to contribute signiﬁcantly to a new ethics for a global community. Tu has developed his insights into the tension between the Enlightenment mentality and the Confucian tradition partly in the context of his observation of East Asian modernization. He remarks that Japan and the four mini dragons (Singapore, South Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan), in achieving their economic successes characterized by mercantilism, commercialism and international