The Art of Instruction: Vintage Educational Charts from the 19th and 20th Centuries

The Art of Instruction: Vintage Educational Charts from the 19th and 20th Centuries

Katrien Van der Schueren

Language: English

Pages: 168

ISBN: 1452101116

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Large-scale wall charts were fundamental tools of classroom instruction throughout Europe in the mid-nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Collected here for the first time in one deluxe volume are over 100 of these vintage educational posters now important relics in the history of science, art, and design. From the anatomy of a tulip or an apple tree to that of a hedgehog or starfish, the botanical and zoological images in this collection are captivating with their curious visuals and intricate details. With a compelling introduction about the history of educational charts and their production, The Art of Instruction provides a glimpse into a rich, significant heritage and will enlighten those with an interest in art, design, science, or natural history.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

two respiration holes (stigmata); Pupa: escaping young fly with head bladder. plate 114 Cockchafer: Melolontha vulgaris Cockchafer and stages of its development: eggs, grub (larva), chrysalis; cockchafer, dissected (male), seen from above: a) head with antennae, eyes, and tentacles, b) prothorax with forelegs, c) mesothorax with wing sheaths and pair of middle legs, d) metathorax with membranous wings and hind legs, e) abdomen with rings and pointed style; Tarsus of leg with claws; Right

the printer, Hagemann Educational Media, supplies with each wall chart. We have provided keys for as many of the charts as are available. plate 1 Dog Rose: Rosa dumetorum Long twig, bearing no flowers; Short twig with flower; Apical flower and buds on short shoot (enlarged); Single flower cut longitudinally; Ripe hip (pseudocarp and collective fruit); Hip in longitudinal section; Prickles (epidermal outgrowths); Gall cut open, with larvae of the gallfly; Rose gall. plate 2 Wild Arum: Arum

organs: a) ova of the ovary and a mature ovum, b) oviduct (partly opened) showing the ovum being covered with white of egg, c) uterus (opened) containing egg with calcareous shell, d) cloaca; Development of the chicken: a) structure of the egg prior to brooding, b) fowl embryo in the egg around the middle of the brooding time, c) chicken immediately prior to hatching. plate 82 Blue Whale: Balaenoptera musculus Blue whales in the sea: a) bull whale in act of expiring breathed air (”blowing”) at

Common seal, a few individuals of a herd resting on an ice floe (foreground) and moving in characteristic fashion (background); California sea lion (Zalophus californianus); Arctic walrus (Trichechus rosmarus rosmarus); Skeleton of a common seal, with outline of body; Longitudinal section (schematic) through the eye of a common seal; Greatly simplified diagram showing the covering of the body (outer and inner skin). plate 85 Fire Salamander/Great Crested Salamander: Salamandra

largely diagrammatic); Heart, main arteries, and lungs of the lizard (enlarged); Normal position of the body and legs of reptiles (diagrammatic): a) side view, b) view along the length of the body; Movements of the lizard: a) at rest, b) beginning of movement, c) further movement (direction of movement in this instance to the left as indicated by the main arrows and movement of the legs shown by the smaller arrows). plate 87 Grass Snake/Viper: Natrix natrix/Vipera berus Grass snake, in motion;

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