Textbook of Human Disease in Dentistry
Mark Greenwood, Robin Seymour, John Meechan
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
The Textbook of Human Disease in Dentistry is a comprehensive resource for all students of dentistry that provides uniquely integrated coverage of medicine, surgery, pharmacology, therapeutics, pathology and microbiology. It aims to provide its readers with the medical context of dentistry, to promote better understanding of how to provide effective dental treatment to patients affected by diseases and conditions. The Textbook of Human Disease in Dentistry is structured around the systems of the body and includes chapters on immunological disease, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory medicine, gastroenterology, dermatology, musculoskeletal disorders and neurological and special senses. A key aspect of the book is the relevance of particular diseases and/or their drug treatment to dentistry and in turn to patient dental management. Additional chapters are therefore provided on topics such as clinical examination and history taking, inflammation and anti–inflammatory drugs, infection control, pain and anxiety control, and care of the elderly. Filled with useful features and written in a lucid and accessible style, this book will provide its readers with a sound and accessible grounding in human diseases and their drug treatment and how they relate to dental care. Includes sections on all major diseases and conditions, describing aetiology, symptoms and treatment. Places dentistry in a medical context, providing guidance on examination and treatment protocols. Features information on drug treatment and planning dental care around it Illustrated with helpful clinical photographs, showing diseases and conditions.
Dr Mark Greenwood is a Consultant and Honorary Senior Lecturer in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in Newcastle upon Tyne. He is qualified in both dentistry and medicine and has fellowships in Dental Surgery, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Surgery. A major interest is medical and dental education. He has written several publications in peer reviewed journals, mainly relating to medicine in dentistry and has published a book on the same subject. Professor Robin Seymour is at the School of Dental Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne. He has published 8 books on topics related to human diseases, especially in the area of pharmacology. Likewise, Dr John Meechan has a similar profile. Other authors, Max Robinson , Iain Mcleod and Roger Jay provide input in the area of pathology, radiology and general medicine respectively.
for haemodialysis may be obtained in an emergency by placing a central venous catheter, most commonly in the internal jugular vein, which can be tunnelled under the skin from the exit site, and left in place for several months. When time permits, optimum access is by means of creation of an arteriovenous fistula, usually in the arm (Fig. 8.5). Most patients with ESRF will need three haemodialysis sessions a week, each of about 4 hours duration, to 130 Textbook of Human Disease in Dentistry
Neurology Head injury Head injuries can occur alone or accompany other trauma, e.g. to the maxillofacial region. This possibility always needs to be considered whenever such a patient presents. Knocks and bumps on the head are common, particularly in children, and fortunately most are minor in nature. Severe head injury accounts for about 50% of trauma-related death and between 15 and 20% of all causes of death in the 5- to 36-year-old age group. Head injuries range from contusions, to abrasions
(mainly involving oral and genital mucosae) have a small but significant pre-malignant potential, probably <1%. The increased risk of cancer appears to be independent of the clinical type of LP and therapy administered. A diagnosis of LP is reached on the basis of the typical clinical appearance, and a biopsy is recommended to confirm the clinical diagnosis in doubtful cases and mainly to exclude dysplasia and malignancy in oral/ genital mucosae. Gingival LP may be more difficult to diagnose, and
(periplakin, desmoplakin II, envoplakin and PB 230) by immunoprecipitation. Dermatitis herpetiformis Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is a blistering skin disease. The prevalence of DH is highest in Sweden and Finland, ranging from 39 to 66 cases/100 000 inhabitants. It seems to be frequent in Scotland and Ireland too. In contrast, DH is very rare among Black people and Asians. Notably also the age of onset varies with geograhical location, being in childhood in Italy and Hungary, in middle life in
protracted pain may occur in 25–50% of individuals older than 50 years. Treatment Sample collection and laboratory diagnosis In herpes labialis, topical administration of 5% aciclovir cream significantly reduces pain and lesion duration The process is essentially the same as described for the above. Unlike HSV, VZV is slow to replicate in cell Viruses relevant to dentistry and antiviral agents 39 year. Thus approximately 70% of adults in this population are seropositive. Populations of