Scientific Thought in Context (In Context Series)
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Scientific Thought in Context is a comprehensive guide to the history of science and serves as an authoritative bridge between science content and social issues. This work supports both basic and advanced curriculums in biology, chemistry, general physical science, physics, and Earth science as well as history and the social sciences. Topics include: The Big Bang Theory, Biochemsitry, Cloning, Evolutionary Theory, Newtonian Physics, Microchip Technologies, Pseudoscience and Popular Misconceptions among many others. It offers 140 articles written by global experts as well as more than 400 color photographs, illustrations, maps, and tables that put the topics into context. The Words to Know section within each entry helps students to read in context without being overwhelmed by scientific terminology, while a chronology includes many of the most significant events in the history of scientific thought and advances of science.
constellations were adopted by the Greeks, as were the casting of horoscopes, the prediction of eclipses, and the naming of planets after deities. The line between astrological and astronomical practice was indistinguishable in ancient Greece, but, unlike in Babylonia, both practices were seen as branches of mathematics. One of the ﬁ rst recorded Greek astrological forecasts was in 585 BC by the pre-Socratic philosopher Thales (c.624–c.546 BC) who predicted an eclipse, a traditional harbinger of
was a question that Kepler tried to answer with an appeal to astrology, proposing that planets had some sort of souls or intelligences or that there was a single moving soul in the sun that impelled all the planetary bodies. He subsequently rejected the idea of a soul for one of physical force, speculating that magnetism might be the source of planetary motion. Kepler concluded that while physical forces operated in astronomy, souls operated in astrology. Although astrology and astronomy were
heat into useful mechanical work are based on thermodynamic cycles like the Carnot cycle, but the Carnot cycle is the most efﬁcient possible cycle and can only be approximated in a real machine. CARTOGRAPHY: The science of mapmaking CATABOLISM: The process by which large molecules are broken down into smaller ones with the release of energy. CATALYST: Substance that speeds up a chemical process without actually changing the products of reaction. CATASTROPHISM: School of thought in geology that
cloud of gas or dust in space. TURBULENCE: Chaotic, rough ﬂow or mixing in a gas or liquid. It is distinguished from smooth ﬂow, which is called laminar ﬂow because it tends to occur in neatly organized layers with smoothly ordered velocities. U ULTRASOUND: A form of energy that consists of waves traveling with frequencies higher than can be heard by humans. Also, a non-invasive diagnostic technique for imaging objects and the human body (often a fetus within a uterus) using ultrasound energy.
Context title has approximately 300 topic-related images that visually enrich the content. Each In Context title will also contain topic-speciﬁc timelines (a chronology of major events), a topic-speciﬁc glossary, a bibliography, and an index especially prepared to coordinate with the volume topic. xix About This Book The goal of Scientiﬁc Thought: In Context is to offer high-school and early college-age students insights into the essential facts and deeper cultural connections of scientiﬁc