Romania (Reaktion Books - Topographics)

Romania (Reaktion Books - Topographics)

Lucian Boia

Language: English

Pages: 240

ISBN: 1861891032

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Romania occupies a unique position on the map of Eastern Europe. It is a country that presents many paradoxes. In this book the preeminent Romanian historian Lucian Boia examines his native land's development from the Middle Ages to modern times, delineating its culture, history, language, politics and ethnic identity. Boia introduces us to the heroes and myths of Romanian history, and provides an enlightening account of the history of Romanian Communism. He shows how modernization and the influence of the West have divided the nation - town versus country, nationalists versus pro-European factions, the elite versus the masses - and argues that Romania today is in chronic difficulty as it tries to fix its identity and envision a future for itself.

The book concludes with a tour of Bucharest, whose houses, streets and public monuments embody Romania's traditional values and contemporary contradictions.













serious discussion. For Romance scholars, it is a fascinating language which has evolved far from the other members of its family, and independent of them. It has assimilated specific elements (Slavic, Turkish, Greek and Hungarian) which differentiate it even more from the western Romance languages (while largely lacking the Germanic borrowings which predominate in these). Certainly, it is the most original of the Romance languages.10 The structures of Romanian (its morphology and syntax) are

institutions – with a limited role – were to be established in the small town of Focsani, at the border between Wallachia and Moldavia. The great powers’ decisions were not negotiable. Having submitted, the Romanians proceeded to find a brilliantly simple solution to the problem. On 5 January 1859, the electoral assembly in Iasi chose Colonel Alexandru Ioan Cuza to be ruler of Moldavia. On 24 January, Wallachia, too, elected its ruler, in the person of the same Alexandru Ioan Cuza! The Paris

of carol i: 48 years of stability When they expelled Cuza, the Romanian politicians were determined to put into practice the solution of a ‘foreign Prince’ which they had unsuccessfully begged Europe to allow them in 1857. They wanted a true dynasty such as they had never really had. The instability of reigns, the lack of clear rules of succession, and the power-struggles between boyars had all contributed to the decline of the Roman lands. The Romanians had hardly ever known anything except

and the Mures, a tributary of the Tisza, to the north. Its relative historical autonomy is due to the fact that it was a frontier territory with a clear military role. In the Middle Ages, it belonged to Hungary. In the sixteenth century, it was conquered by the Turks, who lost it again in 1718 to the Habsburgs. The war-ravaged territory was colonized and made viable again by its new masters. From the end of the seventeenth century, Serbs from south of the Danube took refuge here. Large numbers of

Romania, also spent a few years in London. In the period after the revolution of 1848, and on the eve of the Union of the Principalities, he represented the Romanians there on the European Democratic Committee founded by Giuseppe Mazzini. Between 1881 and 1890, the post of Romanian Minister Plenipotentiary in London was held by Ion Ghica (1816–1897), one of the most interesting Romanian politicians and intellectuals of the time, and moreover an ‘Anglophile’, a rare breed in a period filled with

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