Nonviolent Action: What Christian Ethics Demands but Most Christians Have Never Really Tried
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A noted theologian and bestselling author shows how nonviolent action has been practiced in history and in current social-political situations to promote peace and oppose injustice.
13. Ibid. 14. Ibid., 7. 15. Ibid., 8. 16. Ibid., 9. 17. Branch, Parting the Waters, 250. 18. Ackerman and DuVall, Force More Powerful, 312–29. 19. Quoted in Branch, Parting the Waters, 273. 20. Quoted in ibid., 276. 21. Ibid., 291. 22. Quoted in Branch, Parting the Waters, 352. 23. Ibid., 362. 24. Ibid., 374–75. See also John Hope Franklin, From Slavery to Freedom: A History of Negro Americans, 3rd ed. (New York: Random House, 1969), 626. 25. On the Freedom Riders, see Branch, Parting
Nicaraguan harbor of Corinto. It was already within Nicaraguan territorial waters, just seven miles from the coast, when two US Navy frigates gave chase. When a Nicaraguan Coast Guard cutter went to meet the Soviet ship, one of the US frigates gave chase, coming within five miles of the coast. An unmarked C-130 aircraft overflew the port, drawing antiaircraft fire from onshore batteries. Although the Nicaraguan government repeatedly denied the presence of MiG fighter aircraft on the Soviet
the party tried to correct the problem by increasing investment in the agricultural sector. However, the party invested mainly in unproductive state farms, in an effort to drive out private farmers. In 1969, the harvest failed. In 1970, the party discontinued importing grain for feedstock. Food supplies dropped drastically, creating a national crisis.6 The regime responded by increasing food prices without raising wages. Workers, who already spent nearly half of their income on food, were
revolution.85 The most inspiring show of cooperation and national solidarity occurred between Christians and Muslims, who often have clashed in lethal violence. When security forces attacked Muslims with water cannons during prayer, Christians encircled them to protect them. An imam is reported as saying, “Look around you; do you see it is the Christians who are protecting us? Do you know why they do this? They are following the teaching of Jesus. It is because they have Jesus in their hearts.”86
peacekeeping. Small organizations such as Christian Peacemaker Teams (CPT), Peace Brigades International (PBI), and the World Council of Churches’ Ecumenical Accompaniment Programme in Palestine and Israel (EAPPI) field a few small teams in various conflict zones. But their numbers are minuscule compared to the need. Groups such as CPT need thousands of people, not dozens. If the Christian church wants to seriously test what could be done to replace violence with nonviolent action, then we need a