Mapping the Deep: The Extraordinary Story of Ocean Science

Mapping the Deep: The Extraordinary Story of Ocean Science

Robert Kunzig

Language: English

Pages: 352

ISBN: 0393320634

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

A vivid, up-to-date tour of the Earth's last frontier, a remote and mysterious realm that nonetheless lies close to the heart of even the most land-locked reader.

The sea covers seven-tenths of the Earth, but we have mapped only a small percentage of it. The sea contains millions of species of animals and plants, but we have identified only a few thousand of them. The sea controls our planet's climate, but we do not really understand how. The sea is still the frontier, and yet it seems so familiar that we sometimes forget how little we know about it. Just as we are poised on the verge of exploiting the sea on an unprecedented scale―mining it, fertilizing it, fishing it out―this book reminds us of how much we have yet to learn. More than that, it chronicles the knowledge explosion that has transformed our view of the sea in just the past few decades, and made it a far more interesting and accessible place. From the Big Bang to that far-off future time, two billion years from now, when our planet will be a waterless rock; from the lush crowds of life at seafloor hot springs to the invisible, jewel-like plants that float at the sea surface; from the restless shifting of the tectonic plates to the majestic sweep of the ocean currents, Kunzig's clear and lyrical prose transports us to the ends of the Earth.

Originally published in hardcover as The Restless Sea. "Robert Kunzig is a creator of what oceanographer Harry Hess once referred to as 'geopoetry.' He covers vast tracts of time and space and makes his subjects electrifying."―Richard Ellis, The Times [London] "The Restless Sea immediately surfaces at the top of the list of journalistic treatments of oceanography. . . .The book opened my eyes to numerous wonders."―Richard Strickland, American Scientist  "When you head for the coast this summer, leave that trashy beach novel at home. Instead, pack Robert Kunzig's book. Because just beyond your rental cottage lies the restless sea, where three-mile-tall mountain ranges criss-cross the ocean floor, and deep trenches harbor mysterious creatures. . . . The book is easy to read, and will bring you up to date on the startling discoveries oceanographers have made during the past few decades."―Phillip Manning, The News and Observer [Raleigh, North Carolina] ] "Anyone who loves the sea should read this book."―Sebastian Junger 8 pages of color, 20 black-and-white illustrations

















work when they want and how they want is one of the things that draws people to fishing in the first place; and in an age of proliferating “rights”, the “right to fish” is one of the older ones. What the cod crisis demonstrates, unfortunately, is that the world has become too small and our own numbers too large for such a right to be acknowledged anymore. It is a privilege that has been abused. That is hard to accept. “You’re talking about people’s. livelihoods,” says Rosenberg. “A scientist

winds are an external force that increases the angular momentum of the whole system. But clearly the gyre and the water columns in it cannot simply spin faster and faster indefinitely. The gyre we see today has settled into a steady state, in which the force of the winds is balanced by another external force: friction. The faster the current, the greater the friction. As the gyre rubs against the European and American coasts, some of the clockwise vorticity is drained from it; this prevents it

Smith, National Geophysical Data Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 6a, 6b, 6c,6d, 6e. E. Widder/HBOI © 1999. 6f. L.P. Madin/WHOI. 7a. E. Widder/HBOI © 1999. 7b, 7c. Wim van Egmond. 7d. L.P. Madin/WHOI. 8a. E. Widder/HBOI © 1999. 8b. L.P. Madin/WHOI. Acknowledgments This book is an improved version of The Restless Sea, which was published in 1999 by W.W. Norton. The improvements are mostly attributable to the energy and intelligence of Natania Jansz and Mark Ellingham

the stretcher did so,” the Boston Daily Globe reported the next day. The triumph of the codfish was front-page news in both the Globe and the Boston Herald; each devoted nearly half a broadsheet to the event. The early 1890s were good years for cod fishing in Massachusetts, and in particular for Gloucester. At the 1893 World Columbian Exposition in Chicago, where America was introduced to electricity, Gloucester mounted an elaborate exhibit, featuring a scale model of its thriving waterfront.

courageous gathered 15 miles inland from Gloucester, and about as far from Kipling’s fish pier as it is possible to get. They came, in their flannel shirts and jeans and baseball caps, to a Holiday Inn set in the strip-mall ugliness of Route 1 in Peabody. They sat, in a pink, drop-ceilinged ballroom, under a reflecting disco ball, and listened to their fate being discussed by men in suits – the Groundfish Committee of the New England Fishery Management Council. They watched, more or less mutely,

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