Hellenistic History and Culture (Hellenistic Culture and Society)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
A distrust of all ideologies has altered old views of ancient political structures, and feminism has also changed earlier assessments. The current emphasis on multiculturalism has consciously deemphasized the Western, Greco-Roman tradition, and Nubians, Bactrians, and other subject peoples of the time are receiving attention in their own right, not just as recipients of Greco-Roman culture.
History, like Herakleitos' river, never stands still. These essays share a collective sense of discovery and a sparking of new ideas—they are a welcome beginning to the reexploration of a fascinatingly complex age.
after the conclusion of the present symposium an article appeared by Alan E. Samuel, “Philip and Alexander as Kings: Macedonian Monarchy and Merovingian Parallels,” AHR 93 (1988): 1270–86, in which a “warlord” model was offered. Samuel attempted to show that the tie that bound king and people was the winning of land; and surely there is considerable evidence—as Hammond has pointed out in his paper—of the importance to Macedonians of “spear-won land” (γ δορκ τητος). This may be an idea deserving
of Meroë to Christianity. Then a true Nubian Hellenism developed, one marked by the adoption of Greek artistic forms and the use of Greek as the official language of government and religion, but based on the Christian Hellenism of Byzantium, not the pagan Hellenism of Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt. That, however, is another story. • • • Response: Frank Holt Beyond the narrow confines of the old Balkan city-states, the enormous Hellenistic world was essentially a frontier society. Not only
portraitist is prepared to, or permitted to, incorporate into an image. But the fact that a particular work contains relatively few details of this sort does not mean that it is not a portrait. Classical Greek portraits seem more realistic when compared to Egyptian pharaonic portraits, and Hellenistic portraits seem more realistic when compared to those of classical Greece. The effects of each type were different, but they all functioned as portraits. K. D. White: Where if anywhere does the
from Delos, second or early first century B.C. 28.Odyssey landscape: attack of the Laestrygonians. 29.Pastoral scene probably representing Theokritos. Silver dish, late Hellenistic period. 30.Socrates. 31.Zeno. 32.Epicurus. 33.Revenue Laws of Ptolemy Philadelphus (259 B.C.), col. 56, lines 7–13. 34.Arsinoë II and Ptolemy Philadelphus as Queen and Pharaoh of Egypt. Tanis, 270–246 B.C. 35.Reconstruction of Ktesibios' water organ. 36.Ktesibian water pump from Silchester, England. 37.Antiochus IV
regulations; caused the destruction of some of the houses and temples, the rebuilding of which is allowed by the decree; and offered greater scope to officials to maintain the oppressions forbidden by the text, the bureaucracy of Egypt still functioned, for the most part, as it always had done throughout the period. Some of the debts might well represent collections diverted to rebel forces, while remissions revealed the intention to avoid dispute about payment as much as a desire to exhibit