Hellenistic and Roman Sparta : a tale of two cities
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A comprehensive account of ancient Sparta over the eight centuries or so following her loss of "great power" status on the battlefield in 371BC. "Hellenistic and Roman Sparta" should be of interest to all those concerned with classical studies, as well as to the non-specialist reader attracted by the ambiguous repetition of this notorious city. Paul Cartledge and Antony Spawforth provide an analysis of social, political and economic changes in the Spartan community which challenges the conventional perception of Spartan "decline" in post-Classical antiquity.
77–87; Texier 1976–77; Mendels 1978; Eckstein 1987, especially 216–27, 228–33. 27 Flamininus’ ‘philhellenism’: especially L. xxxiv.48.1–2 (on Sp.); cf. Colin 1905, 97–172, at 133–4; Badian 1970, especially 14, 38, 47, 48, 53, 53–7; Briscoe 1973, 33–4; Will 1982, 153–5, 171. Tarentum as Spartan colony: Plb. viii.33.9; cf. Walbank 1967, 108. Roman-Spartan ‘kinship’: Rawson 1969, 99–106. 28 195 settlement: L. xxxiv.35.3–11, 43.1–2, 49.2; cf. Colin 1905, 166, 214, 216; Ehrenberg 1935, 1478–9;
Michell, H. (1952), Sparta.To krypton tēs politeias tōn Lakedaimoniōn, Cambridge. Migeotte, L. (1984), L’emprunt public dans les cités grecques,Paris. Migeotte, L. (1985), ‘Reparations de monuments publics a Messène au temps d’Auguste’, BCH109, 597–607. Millar, F. (1964), A Study of Cassius Dio,Oxford. Millar, F. (1969), ‘T.Herennius Dexippus: Athens, the Greek world and the third-century invasions’, JRS59, 12–29. Millar, F. (1977), The Emperor in the Roman World (31 B.C.-A.D.337),London.
which comes in the career-inscription of the early Antonine magistrate, C.Iulius Theophrastus. This records the dedication by Theophrastus of statues of the late emperor Hadrian and the Spartan People during a term as priest of Zeus Olympius. Although his priesthood is listed before his agoranomate, which is firmly dated to 124/5, his posts do not seem to be consistently listed in chronological order, since the dedication of one of these statues, with Theophrastus in the rôle of ‘supervisor’
and its accompanying contests (chapter 14) were still celebrated at the time of this text. For the continued existence at Sparta during the fourth century of a highly-educated pagan aristocracy we have the evidence of Libanius, whose broad acquaintance included a number of Spartans, among them the family of the grammarian Nicocles, the teacher of the emperor Julian; one Ausonius, a friend from shared student-days (in Athens?); and the well-travelled Euelpistius, a prominent local figure described
claimed— ‘still’ employed the word makellon in the particular sense of a vegetable-market (Ling.Lat.v. 146–7). This etymology is probably a fantasy, owing much to the larger tendency in Greek and Roman scholarship of the Late Republic to laconize the origins of Roman customs; as de Ruyt saw, the linguistic influence is more likely to have gone in the reverse direction. Varro’s story, however, does suggest that the word makellon was already applied by the mid-first century BC to an alimentary