Handbook of Advances in Culture and Psychology, Volume 5
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With applications throughout the social sciences, culture and psychology is a rapidly growing field that has experienced a surge in publications over the last decade. From this proliferation of books, chapters, and journal articles, exciting developments have emerged in the relationship of culture to cognitive processes, human development, psychopathology, social behavior, organizational behavior, neuroscience, language, marketing, and other topics. In recognition of this exponential growth, Advances in Culture and Psychology is the first annual series to offer state-of-the-art reviews of scholarly research in the growing field of culture and psychology.
The Advances in Culture and Psychology series is:
* Developing an intellectual home for culture and psychology research programs
* Fostering bridges and connections among cultural scholars from across the discipline
* Creating a premier outlet for culture and psychology research
* Publishing articles that reflect the theoretical, methodological, and epistemological diversity in the study of culture and psychology
* Enhancing the collective identity of the culture and psychology field
Comprising chapters from internationally renowned culture scholars and representing diversity in the theory and study of culture within psychology, Advances in Culture and Psychology is an ideal resource for research programs and academics throughout the psychology community.
trustworthiness and validity. These can involve unique “processes between the researcher and the data. . . . It is unlikely that two people will interpret the data in the same way, form the same categories/themes or concepts and produce the same theoretical framework” (Cutcliffe & McKenna, 1999, p. 376). If the link between data and categories is indeed as weak as indicated here, the credibility of the categories and theories can be seriously questioned. In my view, quantitative research can deal
Noirs Congolais. Bulletin, Centre d’Etudes et Recherches Psychotechniques, 6, 129–147. Patel, V., Abas, M., Broadhead, J., Todd, C., & Reeler, A. (2001). Depression in developing countries: Lessons from Zimbabwe. British Medical Journal, No.322, 482–484. Pike, K. L. (1967). Language in relation to a unified theory of structure of human behavior (2nd ed.). The Hague, the Netherlands: Mouton. Plake, B. S. (1980). A comparison of a statistical and subjective procedure to ascertain item
handful at most. Similarly, only the South group chimpanzees would eat the pith of the herbal plants found in swamps throughout the Taï forest, and only members of the North group would eat the abundant Thoracotermes termites. In addition, members of the South group would eat the Strychnos fruits only when they were fresh, while those of the North group ate them only when they were decayed. More differences like these are now emerging with the habituation of the East group, which seems to also
cultural traits that distinguish them from one another. The Middle group remained exceptionally small during the entire observation period and we have only limited observations on it. groups and is therefore a more general ability. I now turn to ant consumption to illustrate this. VIII. HOW DO CHIMPANZEES EAT ANTS? In Gombe, all chimpanzees have been seen to use sticks 66 cm long on average. When a chimpanzee places one end of such a stick in the entrance of an ants’ nest, the soldier ants
for social exclusion based on group identity as well as for maintaining group functioning. If one assumes that optimal fit cannot be achieved because of one’s mere membership in a gender- or race-based group, this may be viewed as a proxy for underlying stereotypic expectations about cross-gender and cross-race interactions. Research has been conducted to further explore this question. Expectations about how groups behave are often laden with stereotypes related to the social categories of the