Encyclopedia of the Blues, 2 Volume Set
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
This comprehensive two-volume set brings together all aspects of the blues from performers and musical styles to record labels and cultural issues, including regional evolution and history. Organized in an accessible A-to-Z format, the Encyclopedia of the Blues is an essential reference resource for information on this unique American music genre.
For a full list of entries, contributors, and more, visit the Encyclopedia of the Blues website.
that blues composition takes place by ‘‘putting together’’ a blues song performance with these means and within their dimensions. Usually the word ‘‘composition’’ brings to mind written texts like essays and notated classical music scores. But Webster’s defines ‘‘composition’’ as ‘‘to form by putting together two or more things, elements, or parts’’ (definition 1a). I wish to add ‘‘to form as fixed entities.’’ Such entities are needed by listeners to identify the blues song and to follow the
Roll: Radio Deejays of the 50s and 60s. Marietta, GA: Longstreet, 1989. ALLIGATOR ALLEN, LEE b. 2 July 1927; Pittsburg, KS d. 18 October 1994; Los Angeles, CA One of the foremost tenor sax players in R&B, and part of the nucleus of the classic New Orleans R&B sound, Allen was not a Louisiana native. Raised in Denver, he came to the Crescent City to attend Xavier University in 1943, but got his music education in the city’s clubs and by 1947 had joined the Paul Gayten Band. This association led
Sista Monica Sittin’ In With/Jade/Jax/Mainstream Sloan, Henry Small, Drink Smith, Albert ‘‘Al’’ Smith, ‘‘Barkin’ ’’ Bill Smith, Bessie Smith, Boston Smith, Buster Smith, Byther Smith, Carrie Smith, Clara Smith, Clarence ‘‘Pine Top’’ Smith, Effie Smith, Floyd Smith, George ‘‘Harmonica’’ Smith, Huey ‘‘Piano’’ Smith, J. B. Smith, John T. xxv LIST OF ENTRIES A–Z Smith, Lucius Smith, Mamie Smith, Moses ‘‘Whispering’’ Smith, Robert Curtis Smith, Talmadge ‘‘Tab’’ Smith, Trixie Smith, Willie ‘‘Big
and string bands. While early decades of the twentieth century had three- and five-string double basses, the majority of those used in blues had four strings. These strings generally correspond to the standard tuning arrangement of the lowest pitched four strings on guitar (E, A, D, G), while sounding one octave lower. Sound can be produced through several methods: plucking, slapping, or bowing the strings. In blues, the first two methods have been used almost exclusively. Recording technology,
Turner (‘‘Blues Jumped the Rabbit’’), Mercy Dee (Walton), L. C. Williams, and others. By June 1953, the label had folded and Imperial Records acquired the name. The label should not be confused with the 1965–1966 label that issued a series of Clifton Chenier that was recorded for Arhoolie Records. ROBERT EAGLE Bibliography McGrath Turner, Bez. ‘‘Colony, Bayou, Post.’’ Blues Unlimited no. 130 (May/August 1978): 11–12. BEA & BABY Chicago blues label in operation from 1959 through 1961. The company