Dictionary of Race, Ethnicity and Culture

Dictionary of Race, Ethnicity and Culture

Language: English

Pages: 356

ISBN: 0761969004

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Race, ethnicity and culture are concepts that are interpreted in various and often contradictory ways. This Dictionary of Race, Ethnicity and Culture provides the historical background and etymology of a wide number of words related to these concepts, looking at discourses of race, ethnicity and culture from a broadly multicultural perspective. This new and up-to-date dictionary contains numerous references to both European and American concepts, debates and terms.

Contributors to the dictionary include well-known anthropologists, biologists, lawyers, philosophers, sociologists and psychologists, enabling the Dictionary to bring an interdisciplinary approach to the subject matter, and a rich variety of voice and content that would otherwise




















universalism (COSMOPOLITISM). According to the former, all phenomena and individuals should only be judged within the context of their culture of belonging: no external judgement is possible. A possible contradiction inherent in this principle ± which shows the maximum respect for diversity ± is the recognition of the Banton, M. (1985) Promoting Racial Harmony, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Landecker, W. S. (1961) `Types of integration and their measurement', American Journal of

Judaism is a monotheistic faith, i.e. a religion which believes in only one God. The Torah (law), the Nevi'im (prophets), the Ketuvim (writings), the Talmud (interpretation) and oral traditions constitute all that remains of the enormous body of ancient Jewish writings ± works which document the complex universal and humanitarian development of Jewish culture and religion. Jewish religious practice re¯ects the different histories consequent upon the expulsions that Jews had endured ± the most

due to the large numbers of SECOND-GENERATION migrant children to be found there. Many of these children are bilingual, being exposed to their mother tongue within family circles and to the majority language at school and in early socialization. This has led to the highly debated question of whether the school system should provide speci®c bilingual education programmes to ensure the proper teaching of the mother tongues of such children. Some countries have preferred to run education programmes

it is material interests and political contingencies that make it possible for these appeals to ethnicity to be effective, or whether primordial appeals to past wrongs and the thirst for revenge combined with a strong sense of ethnic group identity are suf®cient. The `stubbornness' of the ethnic loyalties that can lead to people killing their former friends, schoolmates and neighbours is a particular challenge to sociology and social sciences wedded to an essentially progressive view of human

T. (1987) Il rischio della certezza. Pregiudizio, potere, cultura, Studium, Roma. ETHNOCIDE (It. etnocidio; Fr. ethnocide; Ger. Genozid ) This recently coined term, associated with a re-evaluation of the concept of ETHNICITY, refers to the total destruction of an ethnic group or its civilization. In a wider sense, the concept also applies to con¯icts currently taking place on several continents (a few examples being former Yugoslavia, Burundi and Rwanda), where the ultimate objective is not the

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