Competitive Advantages through Clusters: An Empirical Study with Evidence from China (Strategisches Kompetenz-Management)

Competitive Advantages through Clusters: An Empirical Study with Evidence from China (Strategisches Kompetenz-Management)

Saa ari

Language: English

Pages: 250

ISBN: 2:00068434

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


The world over, clusters are home to leading firms and institutions that compete on the edge of technology. They can be found in developed and developing countries alike and comprise such famous ones as Silicon Valley, London ‟s financial center, ceramic tile and fashion in north Italy, wine in Bordeaux, automotive in Stuttgart and Munich, software in Bangalore, and manufacturing in China ‟s Pearl-river delta. Today they are studied by a variety of scholars from different fields including economists, social scientists, and strategists, but also by a growing number of business practitioners and policy makers.3 As a result, knowledge on the capacity of clusters to promote regional economic development and national prosperity and the role of local industrial policy in creating new clusters has increased rapidly in recent years The present research is best described as being exploratory in nature. It elaborates and extends existing theory. By doing so, it takes up a distinct position within scientific theory that is defined by three levels of analysis: (1) the meta-methodological level, (2) the methodological level, and (3) the theoretical level.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

also exposes the need for the exploration of further internal characteristics that enable firms to create and defend competitive advantages through clusters. Chapter 2 closes with the baseline model of this study. Chapter Step in the research process Outcome • Meaningful cluster definition • Baseline model • Identification of need for exploration of further internal firm characteristics • Analysis of studies on the effect of clusters on firm performance • Review of existing definitions and

................................................................................... 40 Towards a Meaningful Definition of Clusters ................................................................................... 43 Pure Agglomerations and Firm Performance ............................................................................... 51 Clusters of Related Industries and Firm Performance ................................................................. 55 Summary of Findings: The Baseline

Table 9 - Summary of research hypotheses ..................................................................................................... 95 Table 10 - Measures to calculate the degree of industry interrelatedness ................................................ 109 Table 11 - Shanghai's industry composition according to economic indicators ...................................... 119 Table 12 - Beijing's industry composition according to economic indicators

The majority of the companies possess strong internal and external communication skills, making them highly responsive to the information and knowledge that is available in clusters. Importer for example, invests heavily in building up and maintaining good relationships to governmental bodies and firms along the horizontal dimension. By doing so, it conducts regular lobbying activities with industry associations and competitors on restrictions, laws, and regulations. Consequently, Importer is

538 539 540 541 See Barroso/Cepeda Carrion/Roldan (2010), pp. 432ff; Duarte/Raposo (2010), pp. 462f. See Churchill (1987), pp. 381f. See Götz/Liehr-Gobbers/Krafft (2010), pp. 694ff. See Vinzi/Lauro/Tenenhaus (2003), p. 5 Bohrnstedt (1970), p. 92. Week loadings are frequently observed when newly developed measures are used (see Hulland (1999), p. 198). See Huber et al. (2007), p. 87f. Empirical Analysis of the Internal Characteristics and their Influence on Firm Performance 163

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