Citizen's Income and Welfare Regimes in Latin America: From Cash Transfers to Rights (Exploring the Basic Income Guarantee)
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Citizen's Income and Welfare Regimes in Latin America promotes the Basic Income (BI) proposal as a model to reform policies of income transfers in Latin America.
Gómez-Sabaini, Juan Carlos, and Juan Pablo Jiménez. Estructura tributaria y evasión impositiva en América Latina. Caracas: CAF, 2011. Gough, Ian. “Welfare Regimes in Development Contexts: A Global and Regional Analysis.” In Insecurity and Welfare Regimes in Asia, Africa and Latin America, edited by I. Gough and G. Wood. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2004. Hicks, A . “Review of G. Esping-Andersen, The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.”
size and under the same conditions as the Universal Pregnancy Allowance for Social Protection (Asignación Universal por Embarazo para Protección Social, AUE).8 THE ARGENTINE “UNIVERSAL CHILD ALLOWANCE” 55 The AUH (including the AUE henceforth) is financed through resources from the social security system, including the annual yields from the Guarantee Fund for the Sustainability of the Public Social Security Regime (Fondo de Garantía y Sustentabilidad del Régimen Previsional Público de
interfere with the results of the said competition. In the case of Mexico City, social policy is fundamentally upheld on the recognition, exercise, and demandability of social rights; the guaranteed character of state action; and the recovery of the beneficiaries’ social responsibilities. It is assumed that the construction of citizenship is a process of exercising rights, defending their universal nature, and building policies and programs according to this philosophy. Because of this, social
to the CCT programs, Noncontributive Family Allowance Schemes (Asignaciones Familiares no Contributivas) have spread as well. These programs, in general also targeted at and conditioned to means tests, pay benefits for dependent family members of those people not covered by traditional, contributive family allowance schemes. Chile, for instance, has the Single Family Subsidy (Subsidio Único Familiar) for low-income households that do not have access to contributory family allowances. Its
Bolsa Familia cannot be classified as a CI program, due to its incomplete coverage and conditionality, it does represent an effort to expand social protection to excluded sectors, thereby boosting coverage of Brazil’s income support system. Uruguay: Progress in Family Support A series of important reforms to Uruguay’s family allowance system were enacted in the mid-1990s through the early 2000s.5 These changes, which sought to expand access to the system, were passed in three separate laws. The