China's Twentieth Century: Revolution, Retreat and the Road to Equality

China's Twentieth Century: Revolution, Retreat and the Road to Equality

Language: English

Pages: 368

ISBN: 1781689067

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

An examination of the shifts in politics and revolution in China over the last century

What must China do to become truly democratic and equitable? This question animates most progressive debates about this potential superpower, and in China’s Twentieth Century the country’s leading critic, Wang Hui, turns to the past for an answer. Beginning with the birth of modern politics in the 1911 revolution, Wang tracks the initial flourishing of political life, its blossoming in the radical sixties, and its decline in China’s more recent liberalization, to arrive at the crossroads of the present day. Examining the emergence of new class divisions between ethnic groups in the context of Tibet and Xinjiang, alongside the resurgence of neoliberalism through the lens of the Chongqing Incident, Wang Hui argues for a revival of social democracy as the only just path for China’s future.




















which laid down the continuity of sovereignty, as well as the ensuing revolutions and struggles that would reinforce this consistency of sovereignty, the modern-day geographical regions of Central Asia, Central Eurasia, Inner Asia, Inner Eurasia—the broad areas extending from the Volga River eastward to the Xing’an Mountains—and the Himalayan plateau would have been completely different. Though the relationship between Mongolian, Uyghur and Tibetan lands and the Central Plains in the heart of

heart of international politics. Under those circumstances, how can one articulate a framework within individual states that would still take account of global equality, giving it an expanded and richer meaning in international affairs? That is a matter for careful consideration. According to Balibar, Europe must develop a civic space alongside the political community, a mechanism for deliberation that is both more creative and more pluralistic than the traditional one. In light of the arguments

a society. Under conditions of global capitalism, the prefix “trans” has been greatly overused. It refers to trends superseding traditional categories such as ethnic groups, nations and regions. But the idea of “trans-systemic society” is different. At the heart of this idea we find a series of dynamic forces such as culture, customs, politics and rituals, whereas economic relationships represent only one of the activities in the complex social ensemble alluded to above. However, if relations

for China’s political transformation. It is very difficult to have serious political discussions in the mass media. This situation is dangerous. The key is to let people understand the true nature and characteristics of the political crisis in global capitalism through discussions of autonomy. Many observers have discussed the issue of China’s state capacity. The real question is why, despite China’s strong state capacity, the state is unable to overcome its crisis of legitimacy. State capacity

structures are difficult to discern. Whence can a new politics be born? When will the question of justice be raised? Where can we find a new internationalism that transcends the Cold War order? It is these questions that stimulated me to situate the Korean War in the context of the historical processes of the twentieth century. In “On Protracted War,” Mao argued that war is the highest form of politics. The political category of people’s war profoundly demonstrates this proposition. With the

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