Charm Offensive: How China's Soft Power Is Transforming the World (A New Republic Book)
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This book is the first to examine the significance of China’s recent reliance on soft power—diplomacy, trade incentives, cultural and educational exchange opportunities, and other techniques—to project a benign national image, position itself as a model of social and economic success, and develop stronger international alliances. Drawing on years of experience tracking China’s policies in Southeast Asia, Latin America, and Africa, Joshua Kurlantzick reveals how China has wooed the world with a "charm offensive" that has largely escaped the attention of American policy makers.
Beijing’s new diplomacy has altered the political landscape in Southeast Asia and far beyond, changing the dynamics of China’s relationships with other countries. China also has worked to take advantage of American policy mistakes, Kurlantzick contends. In a provocative conclusion, he considers a future in which China may be the first nation since the Soviet Union to rival the United States in international influence.
Schools, International Graduate Admissions 282 Notes to Pages 193–199 Survey 2004, 2005; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, “Asy- lum Seekers and Trends in Industrialized Countries, 2005,” report released 17 Mar. 2006. 31. Kohut and Stokes, America Against the World, 24. 32. Joseph Nye, Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics (New York: Public Affairs, 2004); Pew Global Attitudes Survey, released 23 June 2005. 33. Kohut and Stokes, America Against the World, 34;
240; Zeng Qinghong, 48 aid model, 171–72, 175 Zhang Xizhen, 32 World Chinese Entrepreneurs Zhao Ziyang, 18, 19, 64 Convention, 77 Zheng Bijian, 37–38 World Economic Forum, 65, 126 Zheng He (Cheng Ho), 62 World Health Organization, 141, Zhou Wenzhong, 222 164, 221 Zhu Rongii, 30, 134 World Tourism Organization, 106 Zimbabwe, 42, 147, 218–20, 222– World Trade Organization, 161, 183, 24, 230 188, 240 Zoellick, Robert, 153, 239 Document Outline Contents Preface
with China, in many countries perceptions of China reflect upon perceptions of diaspora Chinese. In many cases the diaspora’s identity now has taken on a positive connota- tion because China is no longer seen as a threat, and because, rightly or wrongly, some non-Chinese view ethnic Chinese as potential links to China. In Indonesia, ethnic Chinese’s fortunes have benefited from warming relations with Beijing, as well as from the democratization of Indonesian politics and society, which
investment and technology to become strong. Deng counseled his proud countrymen, heirs to a Chinese kingdom that once called itself the center of the world, to bide their time. China should “keep a low profile and never take the lead” on global issues, Deng warned—Beijing wasn’t strong enough to expose itself to a world leadership role. 6 At home Deng launched the Chinese economy on prag- matic reforms. At the landmark Communist Party plenum in 1978, Chinese leaders decided to stop
from their homes. 48 Casualty counts skyrocketed, and the crisis spilled into other coun- tries, destabilizing neighboring Chad. By the spring of 2006, the Sudan expert Eric Reeves estimated that more than 450,000 people had died in Darfur, and nearly 90 percent of the black villages in Darfur had been ruined. Reeves further concluded that communities would never rebuild, since the janjaweed had murdered an entire generation of Darfurian men. Still China did not budge. On a visit to the