Cengage Advantage Books: Bioethics in a Cultural Context: Philosophy, Religion, History, Politics

Cengage Advantage Books: Bioethics in a Cultural Context: Philosophy, Religion, History, Politics

Language: English

Pages: 464

ISBN: 0495814083

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

BIOETHICS IN A CULTURAL CONTEXT--PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION, HISTORY, POLITICS presents a unique, philosophical approach to modern bioethics. Rather than simply setting up debates about contemporary issues, this book recognizes that many of today's bioethical controversies are tied to profound underlying questions fundamental as: "When does life begin and end?" "What is a human being or person?" "What is life's purpose?" "What is the ideal society?" The book is comprehensive and accessible, featuring a wide range of content that is crisply presented and clearly explained. A multitude of interesting examples and cases provides ample opportunity for discussion, debate, and research.



















mainstream bioethics aimed at its well-established rights- or consequences-based mode of analysis, abstract rules and principles, 131 liberal individualism, and socially elite clientele (e.g., teaching hospitals, biotech companies, medical societies). Although the pursuit of a more satisfactory bioethical theory led feminist scholars in a variety of directions, care remained a common concern. Indeed, today a robust conception of care is probably the best-known feature of feminist theory.

death, now that it is I who must die? What will become of me? What, if anything, will I leave behind? For Ilyich, it was his looming mortality that raised these existential concerns, but any serious illness can have the same effect, as Shildrick showed. Whatever the trigger, an existential crisis is spiritual in nature and calls for a compassionate response. Unfortunately for Ivan Ilyich, his family and friends responded with practiced indifference or denial, while his physicians could only meet

the spring of 2007, the Supreme Court ruled, in Gonzales v. Carhart, that Congress can prohibit doctors from performing the late-term abortion procedure opponents call “partialbirth abortion,” even when the pregnant woman’s health is at risk. The ruling prevents physicians from intentionally delivering vaginally a living fetus and then deliberately killing it when it is leaving the womb. Carhart does not prohibit the most common method for late-term abortion, called dilation and evacuation

conservative religious views, such as the official position of Roman Catholicism, make no distinction between a human being and a person, since both are defined by a God-given immortal soul. To biochemist and Catholic educator Dianne N. Irving, the biological counterpart of the soul is the unique strand of DNA that defines the human nature of both a human being and person. Because fertilization creates a unique strand of DNA in the human egg, a human being and a person come into being at

nervous system starts to form.44 At present in England and Wales there is a 24-week limit on abortions. The Neurological View Given that US law accepts as a definition of death the loss of cerebral function as measured by cerebral EEG (electroencephalogram) pattern, some scientists think that the acquisition of the human EEG (at about 27 weeks) should be defined as when a human 159 life begins. Others have set the date around week 24, when connections for brain function are made.45 Still

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