Biology and Anatomy & Physiology Helps: The Cell

Biology and Anatomy & Physiology Helps: The Cell

Carolyn Miller

Language: English

Pages: 43

ISBN: B00B2G2VAI

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


The Biology and Anatomy & Physiology Helps series is designed to provide a review of the objectives and vocabulary covered by many instructors. This series is in note-like format to supplement any student study guide and provides a self test at the end of each text to help with material review of the topic covered. The Biology and A&P Helps series is intended as an aid for research projects, advanced homeschoolers, AP high school students and college students pursuing a BS, particularly in the fields of nursing, pre-med, pre-vet, biology, zoology, microbiology and biochemistry.
The books in the Biology and Anatomy & Physiology Helps series are designed to act as a lesson supplements. These texts are not intended to provide a comprehensive review of the materials covered without a full Biology or Anatomy & Physiology curriculum to back it up.
The Biology and Anatomy & Physiology Helps series also provides note taking tips as an aid to further develop classroom and study skills.
This volume covers The Cell
Table of contents:
Preface
Note Taking Helps
Cell Basics
Plasma Membrane
Membrane Proteins
Variations on Cel Membranes
Transport Across Membranes
Membrane Potential
Plasma Membrane Receptors
The Cytoplasm and Organelles
Protein Synthesis
Self Test
Answers
Resources and References
About the Author

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cell's ATP production via aerobic cellular respiration double membrane structure with interior folds or cristae have their own DNA and RNA ribosomes dense units of protein and rRNA site of protein synthesis ribosomes translate mRNA to produce protein can be attached to the endoplasmic reticulum or free in the cytoplasm free ribosomes synthesize soluble proteins membrane bound ribosomes synthesize transmembrane proteins when constructing protein ribosomes read for 3 amino acids at a

cell's ATP production via aerobic cellular respiration double membrane structure with interior folds or cristae have their own DNA and RNA ribosomes dense units of protein and rRNA site of protein synthesis ribosomes translate mRNA to produce protein can be attached to the endoplasmic reticulum or free in the cytoplasm free ribosomes synthesize soluble proteins membrane bound ribosomes synthesize transmembrane proteins when constructing protein ribosomes read for 3 amino acids at a

synthesis, a vesicle will bud off the endoplasmic reticulum and go to the Golgi apparatus Golgi apparatus (GA) a structure of stacked and flattened membranous sacs and vesicles associated with the nucleus post translational modification, packaging and segregation of proteins secretory vesicles bud off the trans face of the Golgi stack and move to designated areas of the cell incorporates transmembrane proteins into the membranes of vesicles destine for exocytosis as a way of replenishing

current that moves substances across the cell surface composed of 9 pairs of microtubules surrounding a central pair flagellum similar to a cilium but longer propels the cell constructed of microtubules only human example is the sperm tail microvilli tubular extensions of the plasma membrane actin core increase surface area for absorption nucleus usually the largest organelle control center of the cell responsible for transmitting genetic information provides instructions for

skeletal muscle cell -voluntary muscle movements example: biceps smooth muscle cells -cause contraction in hollow tubes examples: blood vessels and digestive tract cells that store nutrients fat cells cells that fight disease macrophage -play a general role in immunology cells that gather information and control body functions nerve cells cells of reproduction the gametes sperm ovum stem cells undifferentiated or “blank” cells found in the human body have the potential to

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