Beyond the Hole in the Wall: Discover the Power of Self-Organized Learning (Kindle Single) (TED Books)

Beyond the Hole in the Wall: Discover the Power of Self-Organized Learning (Kindle Single) (TED Books)

Sugata Mitra

Language: English

Pages: 54


Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Ten years ago, educator Sugata Mitra and his colleagues cracked open a hole in a wall bordering an urban slum in New Delhi, installed a networked PC, and left it there for the local children to freely explore. What they quickly saw in their ‘Hole in the Wall’ experiment was that kids from one of the most desperately poor areas of the world could, without instruction, quickly learn how the PC operated. The children also freely collaborated with each other, exploring the world of high-tech online connectivity with ease. It was the dawning of Mitra’s introduction to self-organized learning, and it would shape the next decade of his research. This important update on Mitra’s groundbreaking work (which provided the inspiration for the Oscar-winning film 'Slumdog Millionaire') offers new research and ideas that show how self-directed learning can make kids smarter and more creative. He also provides step-by-step instruction on how to integrate it into any classroom. It’s an important lesson that could reshape our schools and reinvigorate our educational system. With a foreword by Nicholas Negroponte, founder of both MIT's Media Lab and the One Laptop per Child Association.

















individual parts. In popular language, a system is defined as being “greater than the sum of its parts.” Self-organizing system. Connected systems tend to self-organize. There are many examples of such self-organization: flocks of birds, lines of marching ants, rhythmic applause. Self-organizing systems operate with a few simple rules to produce patterns. For example, an ant may be programmed to simply follow another ant, and the larger pattern that resulted would be a line of “marching” ants. A

Viewer structures that exhibit hierarchy of emergent systems properties. Emergence: The appearance of a property not previously observed as a functional characteristic of the system. Now, here is my advice on how to construct a learning environment using Method ELSE. Example of a SOLE for 12 to 15 children Step 1: Build 73 of 88 8/13/12 4:32 PM Web Viewer •

appropriate power conditioning and backup. An uninterruptible power supply (UPS) is recommended in areas where the electricity supply is not reliable. A generator or solar panels and batteries should be used in areas that have no electricity. • Keep a small table and chair in the SOLE for an attendant. • Check to see that all monitors are clearly visible from outside the SOLE. • Ideally, the SOLE should be set up by a vendor who will also provide a technical person for attending to any

choosing keywords. • Children automatically check multiple sites to make sure information is correct. • Children begin to share notes they have gathered more freely, recognizing a common goal. • Children begin to follow leads that are of interest to them and become increasingly curious to find out more. • Discussing the children’s notes and extending their understanding through questioning at the end of each session deepens the children’s understanding and allows the teacher to stretch the

her very, very sleepy though. The next morning, Rita just barely heard her bio-mom calling out from downstairs that Rita would be late for school if she didn’t get up “Now!” Rita hustled out of bed and listened to the rest of the discussion about quantum entanglement on her BSIs while getting ready for school. 14 of 88 8/13/12 4:32 PM Web Viewer She had to run most of the way to school and got there just in time for the groups’

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