Berkshire Encyclopedia of China (5-volume set, 2,800 pages)

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China (5-volume set, 2,800 pages)

Language: English

Pages: 2800

ISBN: 0977015947

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

In five large-format volumes and nearly 1,000 expert-written articles, the Berkshire Encyclopedia of China provides unrivaled insight into Chinese history and culture today in nearly a thousand fascinating articles that include everything from Adoption and Banking to Wound Literature and Zhou Dynasty. China is changing our world, and Berkshire Publishing, known for its award-winning encyclopedias on a wide array of global issues including the award-winning six-volume Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, is proud to publish the first major resource designed for students, teachers, businesspeople, government officials, and tourists seeking a greater understanding of China today. The Berkshire Encyclopedia of China offers authoritative articles from well-known scholars in China as well as in the West, and it has been compiled with strict rules about balance and objectivity by a publisher committed to providing truly global perspectives that will empower 21st-century students, global citizens, and leaders in business and government. The Berkshire Encyclopedia of China does much more than cover the history of China. It is specifically intended to help students and professionals who need to improve their knowledge of the arts, belief systems, business, communications, demographics, education, law and politics, minority groups, natural resources, regional and international relations, social welfare, and technology. Within these categories, there are broad thematic essays, which serve as anchors or touchstones for the work as a whole, as well as short entries about the people, events, concepts, and material goods that are essential to understanding China. There are articles on important organizations and companies, as well as on sports, festivals, and other aspects of popular culture. And the encyclopedia brings up right up to the present, with information on blogging and Internet use, human rights, and overseas returnees (the sea turtles). It even looks to the future with articles on renewable energy and the 2010 World s Fair in Shanghai. The encyclopedia is also completely interdisciplinary in its coverage and organization. Contributing authors includes political scientists, sociologists, economists, anthropologists, geographers, historians, scientists, artists, educators, and other experts. Thanks to cooperation with many Chinese scholars based in China, the encyclopedia is the first major work also to cover China from the Chinese point of view. Succinct, accessibly written, and illustrated articles (500-3,000 words), each beginning with a short summary or abstract. Each article arranged so it can be copied or printed for individual use (up to 10 copies for a single classroom use at no charge for further copies, please make payments via Copyright Clearance Center). Page margins that make it easy to copy articles for classroom use on both US letter-size and international A4 paper. Article titles in English, Chinese characters, and a Pinyin transliteration with tone marks, and Chinese characters and transliterations in articles Up-to-date information that students and non-specialists can understand. Intelligent, insightful discussion of controversial issues. Articles about China in the world today, with a focus on its cultural, political, and economic relationships, military expansion, human and religious rights News-related coverage: social and environmental issues Food Safety, new communications and media Internet Use, Blogging, and topics relevant to the global economic crisis-Stock Markets, Beijing Consensus and Currency Valuation. Over 1,200 unique photographs Maps, timelines, primary source sidebars, and dozens of traditional proverbs. Ideal for writing papers. Ideal for general education about China. Useful for readers learning Chinese.

















government. Not only did these banks completely control China’s international-remittance and foreign-trade financing, they also issued their own banknotes, accepted deposits from Chinese citizens, and extended loans to traditional Chinese financial institutions. By end of the nineteenth century, foreign banks dominated the financing of China’s import and export trade, while piaohao monopolized the domestic remittance business and qianzhuang controlled credit markets for domestic trade throughout

development of industry. In addition, complicated and unfamiliar business practices made investing in industry even riskier for foreign banks. Rising nationalism sparked by the 1911 Revolution and the May Fourth Movement of 1919 stimulated modern banking and the opening of banks. Private and privatized state banks dominated the banking systems as government-owned banks declined because of mismanagement and government corruption. The leaders were the Bank of China, the Bank of Communications, the

fortuitous that the China editor for that project, Linsun Cheng of the University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, agreed to join this new effort. He turned to a variety of Chinese reference sources in putting together the original article list, which ranged widely across all periods and knowledge domains, and included many interesting aspects of traditional Chinese culture, such as towpaths and ancient libraries. Although we had to drop some of those topics because of space constraints and lack of

not political—reform, that is, economic reform without democratization. China today is dominated by various groups of reformers whose policies have led to virtually unprecedented economic growth. However, with that growth has come increasing economic inequality, rising corruption, and many of the very practices criticized in the campaign against spiritual pollution and other subsequent campaigns. Richard LEVY Further Reading Baum, R. (1995). Deng Liqun and the struggle against “Bourgeois

relationships. At these forums member countries also discuss matters not directly related to economics, such as how N 亚太经济合作组织 113 to deal with nonmember countries in the region, global warming, and terrorism. In part the problem APEC faces is the sheer diversity found in the region. Unlike in the EU, in Asia there are very rich and very poor countries; Islamic and non-Islamic governments; countries dominated by rural populations and those that are primarily urban; countries with huge

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