Athenian Democracy: A Sourcebook (Bloomsbury Sources in Ancient History)
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This volume presents a wide range of literary and epigraphic sources on the history of the world's first democracy, offering a comprehensive survey of the key themes and principles of Athenian democratic culture. Beginning with the mythical origins of Athenian democracy under Theseus and describing the historical development of Athens' democratic institutions through Solon's reforms to the birth of democracy under Cleisthenes, the book addresses the wider cultural and social repercussions of the democratic system, concluding with a survey of Athenian democracy in the Hellenistic and Roman age. All sources are presented in translation with full annotation and commentary and each chapter opens with an introduction to provide background and direction for readers. Sources include material by Aristotle, Homer, Aristophanes, Herodotus, Thucydides, Cicero, Tacitus and many others. The volume also includes an Az of key terms, an annotated bibliography with suggestions for further reading in the primary sources as well as modern critical works on Athenian democracy, and a full index.
major Greek powers gathered at Sardis to sign a peace treaty dictated by the Great King. Persia claimed possession of all the Greek cities of Asia and of the islands, while all the others were to remain autonomous: the time of the large symmachiai, like Sparta’s Peloponnesian League and the Delian League, was now over [c]. The years after the signing of the Peace saw a recrudescence of Sparta’s aggressive imperialism, culminating in the occupation of the Cadmaea, the acropolis of Thebes.
is a city which can be easily defended. As for the ideal site of the city, it should be conveniently placed in relation to both the sea and the countryside. One important principle is the one which we mentioned above: the city should be in communication to all the areas of the polis for the dispatch of military aid. The other is that the city should be easy to reach for the transport of agricultural produce, timber-wood and any other such goods which the land happens to supply. It is often
compelled them to use Athens as their sole capital city. Athens then became great, because all the people of Attica were now paying their taxes to it. It was this great city that Theseus handed to his successors. From his time down to the present day, the Athenians have celebrated the public festival of synoikia in honour of the goddess. Before the synoecism, the city of Athens consisted of what is now the Acropolis and the area at its foot towards the south. This is the proof: the sanctuaries
rejected, but since attendance at the meetings was low and the pritaneis were always devising tricks to gather the people and make them vote by raising of hands, Agyrrius first introduced a token of one obol, and after him Heracleides of Clazomenae, known as ‘the King’, raised it to two obols, then Agyrrius raised it again to three. 3 Two Lawgivers: Draco and Solon 8. The Athenian state after the synoecism Sometime between 640 and 632, Cilon, a flamboyant aristocrat famous for his
citizen. [a] Thuc. 1.13.1–3: Wealth and tyranny in archaic Greece, the case of Corinth As Greece was becoming more powerful and wealthy than before, and revenues were also increasing, tyrannies were set up in the cities (previously they had hereditary monarchies based on certain prerogatives). Also, the Greeks began to fit out fleets and apply themselves more assiduously to navigation. The Corinthians are said to have been the first to practise the modern techniques of ship-building. In fact,