Annual Plant Reviews, Biochemistry of Plant Secondary Metabolism (Volume 40, 2)

Annual Plant Reviews, Biochemistry of Plant Secondary Metabolism (Volume 40, 2)

Language: English

Pages: 464

ISBN: 1405183977

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This brand new Annual Plant Reviews volume is the second edition of the highly successful and well-received Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 2.

This exciting new volume provides an up-to-date survey of the biochemistry and physiology of plant secondary metabolism. The volume commences with an overview of the biochemistry, physiology and function of secondary metabolism, followed by detailed reviews of the major groups of secondary metabolites: alkaloids and betalains, cyanogenic glucosides, glucosinolates and nonprotein amino acids, phenyl propanoids and related phenolics, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides and saponins. A final chapter discusses the evolution of secondary metabolism.

This carefully compiled new edition brings together chapters from some of the world's leading experts in plant secondary metabolism. Completely revised and brought right up to date with much new information, this volume is an essential purchase for advanced students, researchers and professionals in biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, genetics, plant sciences, agriculture, medicine, pharmacology and pharmacy, working in the academic and industrial sectors, including those working in the pesticide and pharmaceutical industries. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where these subjects are studied and taught will need copies of this excellent volume on their shelves.

  • A companion volume Annual Plant Reviews Volume 39, Functions and Biotechnology of Plant Secondary Metabolites, Second Edition, Edited by M. Wink, is also available.


















glucosinolates. Biochem. Soc. Symp., 38, 303–26. Uribe, E. and Conn, E.E. (1966) The origin of the nitrile nitrogen atom of dhurrin. J. Biol. Chem., 241, 92–4. Van Bel, A.J.E. (1989) The challenge of symplastic phloem loading. Botanica Acta, 102, 183–5. Van Boven, M., Daenens, P. and Cokelaere, M. (1995) New simmondsin 2 -ferrulates from jojoba meal. J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1193–7. Van Boven, M., Toppet, S., Cokelaere, M.M. and Daenens, P. (1994) Isolation and structural identification of a new

Terasaka, K., Shitan, N., Sato, F., Maniwa, F., Ueda, K. and Yazaki, Y. (2003) Application of vanadate-induced nucleotide trapping to plant cells for detection of ABC proteins. Plant Cell Physiol., 44, 198–200. Trethewey, R. (2004) Metabolite profiling as an aid to metabolic engineering. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol., 7, 196–201. Wiermann, R. (1981) Secondary plant products and cell and tissue differentiation, in The Biochemistry of Plants, Vol. 7. Academic Press, New York, pp. 85–116. Wink, M. (1993)

therefore, experiments were conducted to try to enhance nicotine formation by engineering the supply of this metabolite (Robins and Walton, 1993). The odc gene obtained from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was expressed with the enhanced cauliflower mosaic virus 35S protein promoter in transgenic roots of N. rustica. The level of ODC was enhanced in several root clones. The level of ODC remained elevated even in the late stationary phase of these cultures, in contrast to control lines. Other enzymes

shoot cultures of Catharanthus roseus. Planta Med., pp. 18–20. Moll, S., Anke, S., Kahmann, U., H¨ansch, R., Hartmann, T., Ober, D. (2002) Cell specific expresssion of homospermidine synthase, the entry enzyme of the pyrrolizidine alkaloids in Senecio vernalis in comparison to its ancestor deoxyhypusine synthase. Plant Physiol., 130, 47–57. Morishige, T., Tsujita, T. Yamada, Y. (2000) Molecular characterization of S-adenosylL-methionine: 3 hydroxyl-N-methylcoclaurine 4 -O-methyltransferase

rare. As various NPAAs are accumulated to high levels, they are sometimes regarded as storage compounds for reduced nitrogen; in Dioclea megacarpa, up to 8% of the dry weight of the seeds corresponds to canavanine. In other legumes, azetidine2-carboxylic acid or mimosine content may exceed 5% dry weight (Rosenthal, 1991). The nitrogen of canavanine, which is accumulated in the seeds of jack beans (Canavalia ensiformis) to high levels, is reintroduced into basic nitrogen metabolism during seedling

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