Ancient Greece from Homer to Alexander: The Evidence

Ancient Greece from Homer to Alexander: The Evidence

Joseph Roisman

Language: English

Pages: 688

ISBN: 1405127767

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

With fresh, new translations and extensive introductions and annotations, this sourcebook provides an inclusive and integrated view of Greek history, from Homer to Alexander the Great.

  • New translations of original sources are contextualized by insightful introductions and annotations
  • Includes a range of literary, artistic and material evidence from the Homeric, Archaic and Classical Ages
  • Focuses on important developments as well as specific themes to create an integrated perspective on the period
  • Links the political and social history of the Greeks to their intellectual accomplishments
  • Includes an up-to-date bibliography of seminal scholarship
  • An accompanying website offers additional evidence and explanations, as well as links to useful online resources












supreme authority over the other generals (cf. Ath. Pol. 22.2). Herodotus highlights the leading role that general Miltiades played in urging the Athenians to offer battle. Miltiades, who escaped the Persians from his settlement on the Chersonese and went to Athens in 493, had a strong incentive to fight the invaders (cf. 15.4: “The Greek Tyrants at the Bridge”). See WEB 16.7.III for other claimants to Marathon fame. The battle was fought on September 11, 490. 16.4.A The War Council Before

ephebes were young men aged between eighteen and twenty who performed national service before becoming adults. 2. Diodorus (11.63.1) mentions more than 20,000 dead in the quake, but the figure is too high. The duration of the helots’ revolt is uncertain due to conflicting evidence, although many scholars, following an emendation of the text of Thucydides 1.103.1, put it at four years (ca. 464–460). The Laconian helots, who were joined by the Messenians and even two perioecic settlements, were

the Greekness of the ruling Argead dynasty. The Macedonian royal house claimed Heracles as its ancestor, and although no Macedonian ruler before Alexander the Great seemed to have taken up the title “king,” they certainly acted like kings once they established their rule. Their authority was often challenged from within and without. Macedonia’s neighbors, whether Thracians, Illyrians, Chalcidian towns, Athens, Thessalians, and even rulers of Upper Macedonia, continued to threaten the central

today, when a person asks someone who is about to draw lots for any magistracy the class to which he belongs, no one would say he was a Thês. Notes 1. Unlike scholars who regard the four classes as a later invention, it is assumed here that, except for the Pentakosiomedimnoi, all other appellations preceded Solon, who gave them a new meaning. 2. The term Zeugitai refers either to soldiers (i.e., hoplites) of the same rank, or to men who owned a pair of yoked oxen, that is, middle-income

for a hero, a heroön or cult center where the community strengthened its cohesion through rituals and sacrifices. Some scholars identify the site as the house of a founder of a settlement, an oikistês (see 4.4: “The Foundation of Cyrene”). All suggestions, while attractive, are hardly more than speculative. It is unclear why the community decided to stop gathering in the building, and there are no signs of cultic activity around the mound, not to mention the fact that shrines for heroes are

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