A New History of the Peloponnesian War

A New History of the Peloponnesian War

Language: English

Pages: 1729

ISBN: B00B18ST30

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

A New History of the Peloponnesian War is an ebook-only omnibus edition that includes all four volumes of Donald Kagan's acclaimed account of the war between Athens and Sparta (431–404 B.C.): The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, The Archidamian War, The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition, and The Fall of the Athenian Empire. Reviewing the four-volume set in The New Yorker, George Steiner wrote, "The temptation to acclaim Kagan's four volumes as the foremost work of history produced in North America in the twentieth century is vivid. . . . Here is an achievement that not only honors the criteria of dispassion and of unstinting scruple which mark the best of modern historicism but honors its readers."

All four volumes are also sold separately as both print books and ebooks.
















with which to persuade the Spartans to take a more vigorous role in the Aegean. Such considerations must have shaped Aristides' reply to the Chians, Samians, Lesbians, and other allied captains who came to persuade the Athenians to accept the hegemony. He saw the need and the justice of their proposals, but insisted upon some action that would give the Athenians confidence in them and make it impossible for them to change sides again. Uliades of Samos and Antagoras of Chios immediately insulted

into the hands of the anti-Athenian forces at Sparta. But Cimon, supported by Sparta, was firmly in control at Athens, proof of the wisdom of the Spartan peace party. Themistocles, of course, was a lingering threat to Sparta and to its friends in Athens. It was probably about the time when the Spartans were discussing their policy towards Athens or a little earlier that they tried to get rid of Themistocles. 8 They incited the 8 The chronology of the career of Themistocles is a notoriously

merely accumulated unofficial powers, epitheta, one might say, by which they dominated the state. When the Gracchi attacked these usurped powers, the senate had no constitutional right to complain and was compelled to resort to violence. The "Areopagite constitution" had only seventeen years in which to establish itself before a split in the aristocracy brought it under attack, so no revolution was necessary to bring it down. Since Cimon was the unchallenged leader of the state by 463, motives of

absurdities"; 43 Plutarch's confusion of the four-months' truce with the Five Years' Peace of 451 / 50 has been taken as a reason for rejecting his entire story; the fourmonths' truce has been rejected as an invention, and, it has been pointed out, Diodorus does not even connect it with Cimon. 44 None of these objections is very weighty. Plutarch is often guilty of chronological confusion and artistic invention even when he is telling a story that is basically true. 45 The other objections need

resentment towards Athens in the empire to m:;ke it equally likely that the Euboeans, Islanders, and Ionians might be very touchy and resentful of any Athenian attempt to assert superiority in any way. This is only conjecture, but so is the suggestion that the tribal organization makes a mockery of the notion that Thurii was a Panhellenic colony. The hard fact is that Athenians seem to have made up only about one-tenth of the population and to have been confined to a single tribe. If the

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