100 Questions, 500 Nations: A Guide to Native America: Covering tribes, treaties, sovereignty, casinos, reservations, Indian health, education, religion, culture and tribal membership

100 Questions, 500 Nations: A Guide to Native America: Covering tribes, treaties, sovereignty, casinos, reservations, Indian health, education, religion, culture and tribal membership

Native American Journalists Association with the Michigan State University School of Journalism

Language: English

Pages: 25

ISBN: 2:00317259

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

*100 Questions, 500 Nations: A Guide to Native America* is by the Native American Journalists Association as part of the Michigan State University School of Journalism series in cultural competence.

This guide has sections on tribes, reservations, sovereignty, treaties, federal offices, casinos, education, language, religion and culture.

The guide is intended for people in business, schools, places of worship, government, medicine, law enforcement, human resources and journalism—anywhere it is important to know more about communities. We hope this guide works for individuals who just have questions about the people around them.

Questions include:

Who is an American Indian?

Where did American Indians come from originally?

Why are native peoples referred to as Indians?

Which is correct: American Indian or Native American?

How many American Indians and Natives are there?

What are the reasons for rising population?

Why does the government refer to most indigenous people in Alaska as Alaska
Natives instead of as American Indians?

Are Native Hawaiians considered American Indians?

What is a tribe?

How many tribes are there?

Which is the largest tribe?

Are Indian tribes and Indian nations the same?

What powers do the tribes, as nations, hold?

What kind of governments do the tribes run?

What is the tribal council?

What is a reservation?

Why is it called a reservation?

Hoe many American Indians live on reservations?

How much land do tribes hold?

What is Indian Country?

What are the living conditions in Indian Country?

What is tribal sovereignty?

What is sovereign immunity?

Do states have jurisdiction over American Indians or their land?

Do American Indians have to obey the same laws as non-Indians?

Are Indian Americans U.S. citizens?

Can American Indians vote?

Do Native Americans pay state or federal taxes?

What are treaties?

What agreements did the treaties contain?

Why did European settlers enter into treaties with the tribes?

Why did the tribes agree to the treaties?

Are Native Americans affected by the Affordable Care Act?

Are treaties still valid?

Do treaties grant Native Americans special rights today?

Are treaties being challenged?

What organizations represent tribal interests?

What does the Bureau of Indians Affairs do?

Do American Indians have the right to hold elective office?

Do Native Americans serve in the U.S. armed forces?
















Nation Confederated Tribes and Bands, WA Yakutat Tlingit Tribe, AK Yankton Sioux Tribe, SD Yavapai-Apache Nation, AZ Yavapai-Prescott Tribe, AZ Ysleta Del Sur Pueblo, TX Yurok Tribe, CA Appendix A. Organizations and Agencies American Indian College Fund: http://www.collegefund.org/ American Indian Higher Education Consortium: http://aihec.org/ American Indian Movement: http://www.aimovement.org/ American Indian Science and Engineering Society: http://www.aises.org/ Association on

other than the U.S. government? A: Yes. States can recognize the governmental status of tribes within their borders that the federal government does not. State recognition is often seen as the final step before obtaining federal recognition. Q17: What powers do the tribes, as nations, hold? A: Federally recognized tribes enjoy the powers of government, except those expressly taken away by Congress or overruled by the Supreme Court. The United States recognizes the tribes’ rights to form their

and attend ceremonies. Q24: How much land is held by Native Americans? A: About 56 million acres are in reservations and trust land. The Navajo Reservation is the largest, with 16 million acres and occupying parts of Arizona, Utah and New Mexico. Many smaller reservations have less than 1,000 acres. Q25: What is trust land? A: Land held by the United States for the use and benefit of American Indian tribes. Virtually all trust land is on reservations. Tribes also can purchase land and

received for grazing rights and oil drilling. Chapter 5. Treaties Q42: What are treaties? A: From 1777 to 1871, U.S. relations with Indian nations were negotiated through legally binding agreements called treaties. These treaties, or agreements, between tribal governments and the United States transferred and created property rights as well as service obligations. There were 371 treaties signed with American Indian tribes, usually to gain rights to their land. Q43: What agreements did the

gaming tribes earn most of that revenue. The more successful operations are usually located in or near large metropolitan areas. Q63: Is Indian gaming a major player in the gambling industry? A: Indian gaming is growing rapidly, but represents only 8 percent of the revenue market share, according to the National Indian Gaming Association. Q64: Do all tribes have casino gambling? A: No. The National Indian Gaming Association counted 420 gaming establishments, associated with nearly 240

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